Cohesion policy 2020+

Cohesion policy 2020+

On 14/06/2018 Bratislava took place a working group meeting for the new programming period 2021 - 2027. The meeting was opened by Deputy Prime Minister for Information Technology and Investments of the Slovak Republic, Richard Raši, whose department oversees the activities in this area.

Marta Sláviková, Director of the EGTC TRITIA, is a member of this committee.

The European Commission has published proposals for the new programming period 2021 - 2027 on 02.05.2018. Draft EU multiannual financial framework for 2021-2027, and on 30/05/2018 a package of legislative proposals on EU cohesion policy for 2021-2027.

The European Commission has published within these documents the structure of funds, which includes 7 funds: ERDF, CF, ESF +, ENRF, AMIF (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund), Internal Security Fund and External Borders Fund (FGZ).

Proposals for the amount of subsidies from EU funds for each country will be adjusted in accordance with the innovative Berlin methodology.

Countries must expect a decline in the value of "national envelopes" in cohesion policy.

According to the proposal in Slovakia, the amount of financial support from EU funds (according to current values from 2018) would decrease by 21.7%, in the Czech Republic by 23%, and in Poland the maximum possible decrease would be 24%. The average decline for individual countries would be around 10%. However, our countries PL, SK, CZ receive the highest EU support per capita:

Member State

Aid intensity (EUR / inhabitant)

BG

178

RO

196

HR

298

LV

308

HU

260

EL

254

PL

239

LT

278

EE

317

PT

292

SK

310

CY

147

SI

213

CZ

242

ES

105

MT

197

IT

91

FR

34

FI

42

BE

31

SE

31

DE

27

DK

14

AT

21

NL

12

IE

33

LU

16

EU27

106

 

The decline in the value of "national envelopes" results both from Brexit and from the GDP growth of these countries, through a decrease in the total amount of funds under cohesion policy.

To compensate for the reduction of cohesion policy funds, it is possible to use an increased amount of funds in programs managed by the European Commission (approximately EUR 175 billion).

The European Commission, in order to achieve a certain degree of flexibility and strengthen the integrated territorial approach, as well as simplify the conditions for the use of European funds, presented about 50 points, but not as fundamental guidelines as we expected.

Compared to the 11 'thematic objectives' for 2014-2020, the new cohesion policy will now focus its resources on the 5 objectives that the EU has the best opportunities to succeed:

1) a more intelligent Europe, thanks to innovation, digitization, economic transformation and support for small and medium-sized enterprises;

2) a more environment-friendly emission-free Europe, implementing the Paris Agreement and investing in the transformation of the energy sector, into renewable energy sources and in the fight against climate change;

3) a better connected Europe, with a strategic transport network and a digital network;

4) a Europe with a stronger social dimension, pursuing the objectives of the European pillar of social rights and investing in high-quality employment, education, skills, social integration and equal access to healthcare;

5) Europe is closer to citizens by supporting local development strategies and sustainable urban development across the EU.

In the coming period, at the EU level, negotiations will take place regarding legislative proposals of the European Commission between the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament, the so-called trialogi (4Q 2019 - 3.-4.Q 2020).